The Lord is said to have come to Tiruchendur to wage a battle against Asura king Surapadman. The Arupadai Veedu of Muruga are all situated in Tamil Nadu. They are Tiruchendur, Tirupparankundram, Pazhamudircholai, Palani, Swamimalai and Tiruttani. Muruga is intimately associated with hilly regions, known in Tamil as Kurinji and is worshipped as the guardian deity.

Tiruchendur is also one of the Navagraha Sthalas, sacred to Guru or Brihaspati (Jupiter), since Lord Muruga was honoured here by Brihaspati and the Devas after their victory over Surapadman. In commemoration of the victory, the place was named Jayanthipuram (the word Jayanthi denotes victory).

Tamil literary works, dating back from the third century AD, speak highly of the shrine and the legends associated with it. To mention a few are Silappathikaaram, Ahanaanooru, Puranaanooru, Thirumurugaatrupadai and Kanthapuranam. The fact that Kumara Theertham on the banks of Thaambraparni river finds mention in the epic Mahabharata is noteworthy. Adi Shankara had visited the shrine and sung in praise of the Lord in his famous Subramanya Bhujangam. Saivite saints like Kumaraguruparar, Arunagirinathar and Arulprakasa Vallalar are ardent devotees of Muruga and their works Kandar Kalivenba, Thiruppugazh and Thiru Arutpa respectively are remarkable devotional hymns in praise of the Lord